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Pharmacology

All about the wonderful subject of Pharmacology

Learning Pharmacology from Nauman’s MCQs

Learning Pharmacology from Nauman's MCQs [All] praise is [due] to Allah , Lord of the worlds. (Holy Quran 1: 2) One of the largest and most organized collection of MCQs, mostly my own. Over 4500 mcqs divided into Sections, chapters,... Continue Reading →

Mrs. Hillary Clinton & Parkinson’s Disease

Mrs. Hillary Clinton & Parkinson's Disease Often patients are a great source of learning. Here Mrs. Clinton proves a good patient for learning Pathophysiology & Pharmacology of Parkinson's disease: Indications that she may have advanced Parkinsonism: 1. Resting Tremors-Less Seen,... Continue Reading →

Nauman’s Textbook of Pharmacology

Nauman's Textbook of Pharmacology (3rd Edition) “The biggest achievement for a teacher is to have done something for his students.” Over 3000 copies sold in one and a half years Most read book by students in Punjab Pakistan especially toppers... Continue Reading →

General Pharmacology-Definitions

Definitions-General Pharmacology Definitions-Pharmacokinetics Absorption The movement of a drug from the site of administration into the blood stream pKa The pH at which half of the drug is ionized and half of the drug is unionized.” Bioavailability The fraction or... Continue Reading →

Diagnosis & Management of a Patient with Myasthenia Gravis

Diagnosis & Management of a Patient with Myasthenia Gravis Question: Patient presents with signs & symptoms of progressive ptosis, dysphagia, weakness and slurred speech over last few weeks. 1. What is the Diagnosis? 2. Which test is used to diagnose... Continue Reading →

Varying functions of cAMP

Varying functions of cAMP Question: Please clarify how an increase in cAMP on one hand causes bronchodilation and on the other hand increase in heart rate. Answer: As we know cAMP as a second messenger has several functions. It can... Continue Reading →

Behavior of ligands with Respect to Constitutive Activity of Receptors

Describe full agonists, partial agonists and inverse agonists in terms of constitutive activity of a receptor The Two-state Receptor Model A receptor must exist in at least two conformations, active (Ra) and inactive (Ri). • The receptor is believed to... Continue Reading →

Use of ACE Inhibitors & ARBs in Diabetic Nephropathy

1. How are ACE Inhibitors & Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs) useful in Diabetic Nephropathy? Looking at a long term perspective, Angiotension II 2 by its vasoconstrictive effect increases the intra-glomerular pressure and hence renal hypertension. This induces glomerular hyperfiltration and... Continue Reading →

ANS MCQs “Political Pharmacology”

Political Pharmacology MCQs 1. The Pentagon is anticipating a terrorist attack from so called Al-Qaida involving dangerous organosphosphorus compounds in the coming few days. Which drug will the US government most likely advise its citizens to take as a preventive... Continue Reading →

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